Cannon Lane

Primary School

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The primary approach to teaching pupils to read at Cannon Lane Primary school is through the systematic teaching of synthetic phonics. This means that phonics is explicit, organised, sequenced and covers all of the grapheme-phoneme correspondences in the English Language. At Cannon Lane we follow the Letters and Sounds five-phase programme; this is a structured programme which introduces pupils to phonemes and graphemes in a specific order within the context of a language-rich curriculum. By following Letters and Sounds effectively, pupils are able to see the relationship between reading and spelling from an early stage, such that the teaching of one reinforces understanding of the other.


During phonics lessons, the children are in grouped by ability. This enables the children to receive teaching which is tailored to their level. Furthermore, the children are regularly assessed and are phonics screened on a termly basis.


To support the children outside of their phonics lessons, we provide the children with a rich reading environment. It is our belief that children should be engaged in the exploration of exciting and stimulating contexts for reading words with purposes for learning. Within class and around school, the children are surrounded by a love for reading and will regularly be exposed to shared, guided and independent reading.


Although by the end of Year 1 the teaching of phonics should be substantially complete, the teaching of word structures and spelling patterns continue to be learnt in Year 2 and this is further secured by the teaching and learning of spelling in Key Stage 2.


All children are screened in Phonics at the end of Year 1, those who do not reach the threshold are provided with intervention and re-take the phonics screening check in Year 2.


How often do we teach phonics?

To ensure that the children have as much exposure to reading as possible, phonics is taught daily. Those that require additional support receive further interventions in the week. We ensure that these lessons are sequenced, fast paced and engaging, through the use of different fun, practical and hands on activities.


What is the structure of a phonics session at Cannon Lane?



This is the most crucial stage in the phonics session that keeps the children revisiting sounds that they have previously covered. We will revisit previously taught phonemes and graphemes, words that the children have previously read and we will also revisit tricky words which they need to be able to read and spell in their writing.


Teach and practise

This is where the new phoneme and grapheme is introduced. The children will practise pronouncing the phoneme, recognising the grapheme and sounding and blending words with the new phoneme. The children will practise reading words with the new grapheme in. We read these words a few times to achieve fluency. A new tricky word may also be introduced. The children will look at what makes the word tricky!


Practise and Apply

The children will read a sentences containing the new grapheme and some tricky words. We practise reading the words with the digraphs and trigraphs in first before we read the whole sentence. Finally, we write some words/ sentences using our new grapheme. The children use their segmenting fingers to count the sounds in the words.



Please find the presentation for our Phonics Workshop that we deliver to parents every year. The video examples under the presentation demonstrate each part of the 4 part lesson.


Revisit & Review examples

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Teach examples

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Practise examples

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Apply examples

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