Cannon Lane

Primary School

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The Early Years Curriculum outlines the themes that children will be following throughout the school year and how they will be applied within the following subject areas:


  • Personal Social and Emotional Development
  • Physical Development
  • Communication & Language
  • Literacy
  • Maths
  • Understanding the World
  • Expressive Arts and Design


We are Early Adopters of the new EYFS curriculum and we are following the new curriculum from Sept 2020. Parents have been informed of this in the letter below and the EYFS Parents Workshop supports parents in their understanding of what this means on a day to day basis for their child in Reception.

Personal and Social and Emotional Development


This area of learning provides opportunities for children to develop positive attitudes about themselves and those around them. We want children to become valued members of the class and shape their own identity through an increasing awareness of their own needs and the needs of others. This area of learning helps children to develop positive dispositions to learning, to be cooperative and communicative. It helps to develop and show an understanding of what is right and wrong and begin to consider the reasons why and developing an understanding that there are always consequences to a particular behaviour, whether rewards or sanctions. It supports the development of social skills by providing opportunities that enable children to learn how to socially respond and work with one another.

pond and work with one another.


Physical Development

This area of learning offers opportunities for children to develop and practise the control they have over their own bodies. It allows for them to further develop the confidence and skill in large gross motor movements such as running, jumping, climbing, swinging, hanging etc. Developing and promoting their spatial awareness and coordination, whilst at the same time encouraging the fine motor skills that they will need to develop holistically. Encouraging the finer movements which involve the ability to control the use of one-handed tools and equipment e.g. digging tools, paint brushes, mark-making and writing tools. This area of learning is also vital in supporting a developing understanding of how their bodies work and what they need to be healthy and safe, (including knowing when they are hungry, cold, hot or thirsty, etc.) and how they are able to best meet these needs.


Communication and Language


This area of learning provides opportunities for children to develop new vocabulary and the skills needed to talk confidently in a wide range of situations.  It helps them respond to their peers and adults in an environment where speaking and listening are highly valued skills. It allows them to communicate and respond in a variety of contexts and places value on them expressing their own thoughts and ideas and taking into account the thoughts and ideas of others.  It also gives opportunities for all children to explore, enjoy, learn about and use words and text in a broad range of contexts, including through stories, role play and drama.




This area of learning supports the development of linking sounds to letters and understanding that from this we can read and write. Children will begin to recognise print in their environment and start to understand that this is one way of communicating with one another. It is vital that children understand that print carries meaning and that they are able to engage with this essential element of communication and the high importance it holds. We actively promote the importance of reading and writing which is done through stories, songs, poems, mark making and writing in a variety of different contexts and for different purposes using a wide range of media.  Throughout all classes there are book areas and areas that promote active mark making and writing. We teach phonics on a daily basis following the Letters and Sounds program.




This area of learning provides opportunities for children to develop their understanding of number and number patterns. The curriculum also provides exploration and investigation with measurement, pattern, capacity, and shape by providing a broad range of contexts in which they can explore, enjoy, learn, and practise. It encourages children to understand and respond to the symbols that represent numbers, know what that numeral represents and to learn to subitize. It supports children in understanding what an important role numbers play in our everyday lives, how to develop their own understanding and help them to solve problems.


Knowledge and Understanding of the World

This area of learning provides opportunities for children to solve problems, question, make decisions, experiment, predict, and plan in a variety of contexts and to explore and find out about their environment. It helps to develop their senses and understanding of their physical world. By engaging with the world around us children learn more about people and communities and the world in which they live. 


Expressive Arts and Design

This area of learning offers opportunities for children to explore and share their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of art, design and technology, music, movement, dance, imaginative and role-play activities. They are presented with the opportunities to experiment with different media, resources and a range of activities which will inspire and stimulate their creativity and motivation to move their learning forward.


Curriculum Overview


Subject Autumn Term Spring Term Summer Term
Themes Ourselves / People Who Help Us Traditional Tales

Space / Minibeasts


Social and Emotional Development

Beginning to form positive relationship with peers and adults. Beginning to share opinions with a group and listen to others. Understanding the expectations and boundaries in school. Beginning to explain own knowledge and understanding. Having a positive view of one’s own strengths. Beginning to negotiate and solve problems without aggression Beginning to resolve minor conflicts with other children independently while knowing when to ask for help. Choosing resources in order to complete tasks and activities. Working as part of a group or class.
Physical Development Experimenting with moving in a range of ways. Using tools for a range of techniques such as scissors, pens and pencils. Forming consistently shaped letters and numbers Developing an awareness of personal hygiene such as washing hands and brushing teeth Developing independence skills such as doing buttons, zips and laces Developing handwriting. Understanding healthy eating and how exercise affects the body. Developing skills such as throwing and catching. Developing more control over handwriting and beginning to use cursive script.
Communication & Language Maintaining attention and listening in a large group. Extending vocabulary through exposure to books and stories. Using language to imagine and recreate roles. Following a story without pictures or props. Introducing narrative into play. Carrying out instructions containing several parts. Responding appropriately to what they hear. Answering how and why questions relating to stories and events. Using talk to organise, sequence, clarify ideas.
Maths Counting forwards and backwards from a given number. Adding and taking away using real objects. Recognising and identifying 2D shapes. Following a pattern. Measuring and weighing a range of objects. Beginning to solve word problems using addition and subtraction. Beginning to double single digit numbers. Using mathematical terms to describe the features of 2D and 3D shapes. Comparing weight, height and length. Using positional language. Beginning to halve single digit numbers using real objects. Sharing into equal groups. Beginning to count in 2s, 5s and 10s. Sequencing the events of the day and using clocks. Estimating objects, time and distance
Understanding the World Talking about own lives and the lives of family. Talking about the environment around them and recognising changes. Using technology to complete simple programmes. Beginning to use hardware such as mouse, keyboard and directional robots. Becoming familiar with class and school environment. Beginning to understand their lives are not the same as those of their friends. Developing respect for all traditions. Learning about growth and what plants and animals need to grow. Understanding the purposes of some materials and their characteristics. Recognising and understanding the differences and similarities between themselves and others. Making observations of animals and plants, Explaining why and how changes occur. Recognising the purpose of technology they see at home and school.


Arts and Design

Selecting appropriate media and materials to serve a purpose. Mixing colours and predicting secondary colours. Building a repertoire of songs and rhymes. Introducing a storyline or narrative into play. Refining construction skills using a range of resources. Planning and designing their work in advance. Developing confidence to perform in front of others. Discussing and evaluating their own work and suggesting ways of improving. Showing awareness of the process they have undertaken and why. Communicating their ideas and opinions through creativity.
Characteristics of Effective Learning Engaging in open-ended activity. Showing particular interests. Taking on a role in their play. Acting out experiences with other people. Persisting with activity when challenges occur. Showing a belief that more effort or a different approach will pay off. Bouncing back after difficulties. Finding ways to solve problems. Developing ideas of grouping, sequences, cause and effect. Changing strategy as needed. Reviewing how well the approach worked.
Trips/Visits Local Walk & People who Help us visitors Trip to Pinner Library on the bus Ruislip Lido